Agronomy and they relation to the other part
Agronomy is the science of plant production for food, fuel, and fiber. The work of an agronomist encompasses plant genetics and physiology as well as meteorology and soil science. This very simple video from USAID agency working in Uganda will give you an impression of some of the areas that an agronomist oversees. In coffee-producing countries, agronomists operate in the field, working directly with coffee farmers and cooperatives.
They are trained to monitor the terroir of a farming area. Through careful measurements, agronomists can advise farms on practical farm management, helping them achieve the correct levels of soil drainage and teaching them how to implement preventative measures against soil erosion. They can help farmers achieve a sustainable planting density and choose the right fertilizers, and they can offer advice on how to prune and manipulate their trees. Agronomists are the interface between the body of scientific research and the local terroir. To better understand this important practice, we talk about it from other point of view :
hoping to understand more about the science of agronomy. When you are making decisions as to what to plant on your farm or you are advising others on what to plant, what measurements do it need to help more is experiment with varieties that have not been planted at the farm. They are in a kind of Coffee Garden, where we have many varieties expressing their phenotype (meaning, how the plant adapts to the environmental conditions, and how it expresses itself in the cup profile). By now, it really like the behavior and taste of Red Bourbon, Yellow Catuai, Pacamara, Geishas, Rume Sudan, and SL28. All of them are yummy, per se, and we like how cup profile is expressed As a result, it takes years before we set it. For example, you should know know Pacamara and Yellow Catuai will not need too much shade, [which is required] by Bourbon, SL28, and … the Geisha varieties we plant at the farm. the elevation, as our cupping trials have shown, has an impact on the level of acidity. also, we have seen that some of the additional flavor attributes will be more pronounced if the coffee flavor is modulated at the wet-mill. For example, Pacamara and Yellow Catuai will score 84 to 85 points if I do a traditional full-washing process.
But if I do an Orange Honey (semi washed) for Yellow Catuai, or a Natural for a Pacamara, the flavor will explode in my mouth. The Bourbons and Geishas have more versatile cherries; their expression will be great as Natural, or semi-washed or a Double Soak process that is a Full Wash variant, on which prefer is the cherries before depulping, and then give its normal dry fermentation. choosing varieties is something that comes down to microclimate, or the right variety perform well across a range of different conditions in the same terroir, but don’t forget Climate and Edaphic Factors absolutely contribute to the final flavor quality of the bean. Bourbon and Geisha will always express better in a forest environment; Its architecture is full, meaning that their leaves will dress completely the plants. Plants with no stress will always express their happiness in the cup profile J Coffee plants, any variety, will express more crispy flavor when a source of water is close to them. I think mist will help the coffee plants to maintain more fresh temperatures, together with good shade, their system is more stable and with more equilibrium; remembering that this system is found at the forests from Ethiopia where the coffee genetics comes from. Also, coffees grown at higher elevations have a higher chance to score high at the cupping table than coffees grown at lower elevations. 70 percent shade determine normal level of shade , It is very important to handle the architecture of the tree and avoid this kind of parasite.